BRIDGING RESEARCH-INDUSTRY DIVIDE IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE ENTERPRISES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Main Article Content

A D Dada

Abstract

This paper investigates the gaps between research institutions and industry in R&D collaboration towards the promotion of innovation, creativity and competitiveness among food and beverage enterprises (FBEs) in Nigeria. This was measured by the level impact of R&D institutional support services for technological innovations in the industry.  A multi-staged sampling method was adopted to select 150 registered FBEs from three small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) populated States in Southwestern Nigeria with a response rate of 64% recorded.  Adopting model regression analysis, the study showed that the contributions of R&D institutions to innovative performance of the industry was low (R2 = 0.008). However, training and information dissemination (β=36.49, P≤ 0.05) and provision of analytical services (β = 36.67, P≤ 0.05) were found to have significant impact on the innovative performance of the industry. No significant difference (F=0.336, P≤ 0.05) between the two methods of support services was confirmed in the study. The study concludes that the R&D support services from research institutions to FBEs were inadequate. Policy intervention is needed to encourage R&D institutions to adequately support the food and beverage industry in Nigeria.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

REFERENCES

Akinwale Y.O.; Dada, A. D., Oluwadare A.J.; Jesuleye O.A.; Siyanbola, W. O. (2012): Understanding the Nexus of R&D, Innovation and Economic Growth. International Business Research 5 (1).

Bogoro S.E. (2014): Institutionalization of Research and Development (R & D) as the Launch Pad for Nigeria’s Technological Revolution. An invited paper presented as Guest Lecturer at the 62nd University of Ibadan Interdisciplinary Research Discourse held at the Main Hall Conference Centre, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. December 9th.

Braun P. (2007): SME Policy Development in a Global Economy. The Policy Environment for the Development of SMEs). Pacific Economic Cooperation Council: 9-23.

Dada A. D. (2016): Analysis of Technological Innovations and Competitions among Small- and Medium-sized Food and Beverage Enterprises in Southwest of Nigeria. FUTA Journal of Management and Technology. 1(2).

Dada A.D. and Oyebisi T.O (2016): Harnessing Technology Transfer and Diffusion for industrial Competitiveness and Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria: Issues, Opportunities and Policy Guidelines. Journal of Sustainable Technology (JoST). 7 (1):72-86




Dada A.D., (2014): Evaluation of Technological Capability and Innovations in the Nigerian Cassava Processing Industry. An Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis Submitted to the African institute for Science policy and Innovation (AISPI), Faculty of Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Dada A.D; Ali G.A.; Afolabi O.O.; and Siyanbola W.O., (2010): Innovative Approaches to Industrial Utilisation of Cassava in a Developing Economy:African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 2(2), 154-174.

Dada, A. D., Siyanbola, W. O., Ilori, M. O. and Olamade O. O.(2011). On the Nexus betweenTechnological Innovations and Competitions of SMEs in a Developing Economy.Technology and the Global Challenges: Security, Energy, Water and the Environment. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Management of Technology (IAMOT 2011), Miami Beach, Florida, USA, April 10-14.

Ilori M.O. (2006). From Science to Technology to Innovation Management. Inaugural lecture


Series 191, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, 3-5.

Ilori M.O.; Oke J.S.; and Sanni S.A. (2000): Management of new product development in selected food companies in Nigeria. Technovation 20:333-342 Elsevier Science Limited.

Ilori, M. O., Adeniyi, A. A., Oyewale, A. A., Sanni, S. A. and Irefin, I. A. (2002). Developing a Manufacturing-based Economy in Nigeria through Science and Technology. Technovation 22. Elsevier Science Limited.

Kim, L. (1997). Imitation to Innovation- The Dynamics of Korea’s Technological Learning.Boston: Harvard University Press.

Kruss, G., Adeoti J.O. and Nabudere D. (2012). Universities and Knowledge-based Development in sub-Saharan Africa: Comparing University-Firm Interaction inNigeria, Uganda and South Africa, Journal of Development Studies, 48 (4):516-530.

Malerba, F. and Nelson R.R. (2012) (eds.). Economic Development as a Learning Process: Variation Across Sectoral Systems, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham UK andNorthampton, USA.

Obembe, J. S. (2014): A Study of Technological Capabilities and Innovations in Furniture Processing Industry in Southwestern Nigeria. A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Technology Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.



Odia, L.O. and Omofonmwan, S.I. (2007). Educational System in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects. Journal of Social Sciences, 14 (1):81-86.
Odia, L.O. and Omofonmwan, S.I. (2010). Technology and Higher Output in Nigeria. The


Nigerian Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 4 (2):141-159.

Odia, L.O. and Omofonmwan, S.I. (2013): Research and Development Initiatives in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 4(2).

Olalere W. O. Ilori, M.O. and Taiwo, K.A. (2014). Assessment of the Waste Generation and Management Practices in Nigerian Food Industry: Towards a Policy for Sustainable Approaches. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 6(1):12-22.

Oyedoyin B.O. (2006): “Evaluation of the Policy on the Local raw material Substitution in the Food and Beverage Industry in Southwestern Nigeria. A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science in Technology Management. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria: 471-488.

Oyelaran-Oyeyinka B., (2002): “Manufacturing response in a national system of innovation: evidence from the brewing firms in Nigeria”. Discussion paper series of the United Nations University, Institute of New Technologies (INTECH). http://www.intech.unu.edu . Assessed May, 2016.
Oyelaran-Oyeyinka B., (2002): “Manufacturing response in a national system of innovation: evidence from the brewing firms in Nigeria”. Discussion paper series of the United Nations University, Institute of New Technologies (INTECH). http://www.intech.unu.edu . Assessed May, 2015.
Oyewale A.A. (2005): Addressing the Research-Industry Linkage Impasse In Nigeria: The Critical Issues And Implementation Strategies. A Paper Presented at the Globelics Africa 2005 Conference, Tshwane University of
Technology, South Africa; 31 October - 4 November 2005.
Oyewale A.A., Dada A.D., Sanni M. and Siyanbola W.O. (2009): Patentingfor Economic Development: How aware are NigerianPharmaceutical Researchers?. Journal of Natural Products and Medicine(13): 67-73.

Oyewale, A. A., Dada, A. D., Sanni, M., Adelowo, C. M., and Siyanbola, W.O. (2015): Patenting and Wealth Creation in a Latecomer


Economy: Issues and Policy Direction. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. 9 (3): 19-29.

Pena, I. (2002): ‘Intellectual Capital and Business Start-up Success.’ Journal of Intellectual Capital, 3(2), 180-198.

RMRDC (Raw Materials Research and Development Council) (2003): “Multi-Disciplinary Committee Report of the Techno-Economic Survey on Food, Beverage and Tobacco Sector”. 7-8.
Siyanbola W.O. (2008): “Intellectual Property as Source of Income in the Universities and Research Institutes: Critical issues, Options and policy Directions”. An invited paper published as Conference proceedings of the sensitization



workshop organized by the intellectual property & Technology Transfer Office (IPTTO), Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, May 5, to mark World Intellectual Property Day: 9-37.
Siyanbola, W. O., Afolabi, O. O., Jesuleye, O. A., Egbetokun, A. A., Dada, A.D., Aderemi, H. O., Sanni, M. and Razak, M.(2012): Determinants of Entrepreneurial Propensity of Nigerian undergraduates: an empirical assessment. International Journal of Business Environment.
Siyanbola, W.O. (2013): Policies and Actions for Promoting Technological Innovation in Industrial Production in Nigeria.A Paper Presented at the 4th Technology Management Forum For Directors of Science And Technology in Nigeria. August 26 –28th. Ministry of Science and Technology, Uyo , Akwa Ibom State.