DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF A PICO HYDROELECTRIC TURBINE SYSTEM

Main Article Content

T. S Mogaji
S. T. Fasasi
A. O. Ogundairo
I. A. Oluwagbemi

Abstract

Hydroelectric power is both an efficient and reliable form of a clean source of renewable energy. It can be an excellent method of harnessing renewable energy from small rivers and streams. A Pico hydroelectric power system of a cross-flow turbine type is designed and simulated in this study. Model parameters such as runner diameter, runner length, blade spacing, radius of blade curvature, shaft diameter, water jet thickness, turbine speed, turbine power and the number of blades that play major role to achieve the turbine maximum efficiency were determined theoretically. The designed Hydro-electric power system’s maximum efficiency was estimated to be 87% with a head of 6390 mm at a flow rate of 0.089 . Numerically, analysis of the designed power generation system was carried out using (structural analysis and design) STAAD pro connect software and ANSYS tool. The performance evaluation results using the STAAD pro software for the system water reservoir sitting stanchion simulation indicated that the stanchion will not fail while carrying the load. Similarly, the numerical analysis of the designed cross-flow turbine type in this work using the ANSYS tool revealed that the shaft will be able to withstand deformation due to torsion when subjected to a maximum torque of 51.46 Nm. Hence the designed hydroelectric power system will be efficient to produce a 5kVA electrical power

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Abubeker, N. G. (2018). Design and Simulation of cross flow turbine on Huluka river in Ethiopia. International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD) Volume 5, Issue 03, March-2018, e-ISSN: 2348 – 4470.

Adejumobi, I. A. and Adebisi, O. I. (2011). Exploring Small Hydropower Potentials for Domestic and Information Communication Technology Infrastructural Application in Rural Communities in Nigeria. Proceeding of the 12th Biennial International Conference of Botswana Institution of Engineers, Gaborone, Botswana, pp.19-26

Akerkar, B. P. (1989). A Study of the Performance of the Crossflow Turbine, M. S. Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.

Alie, W. D. (2016). Design and Analysis of Small Hydro Power for Rural Electrification. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Online ISSN: 2249-4596 & Print ISSN: 0975-5861, 16(6).

Anyaka B. O. (2013), Small Hydropower Projects for Rural Electrification in Nigeria: A Developer’s Perspective, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) ISSN: 2278-3075, Volume-3, Issue-5, October 2013.

Bilal A. N. (2013). Design of Micro - Hydro - Electric Power Station, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, (June 2013).

Chattha J. A., Khan M.S., Iftekhar H., Shanid S. (2014) Standardization of cross flow turbine for typical micro – hydro site conditions in pakistan, Proceedings of the ASME 2014 power conference.

David, K. O. (2013). Review of small hydropower technology. Department of Physics, faculty of science, Mbarara University of science and technology, Uganda.

Walseth, E. C. (2009). Investigation of the Flow through the Runner of a Cross-Flow Turbine, Master of Science in Product Design and Manufacturing, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Energy and Process Engineering.

Fraenkel P, Paish O, Bokalders V, Harvey A, Brown A, (1991). Edwards R. Micro-Hydro Power: a guide for development workers. London. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: Volume 16 Issue 6 Version 1.0 Year 2016

Gutu B. O., Auch, V., R. (2017) Design and Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulation Study of High Efficiency Cross Flow Hydro-power Turbine. International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 120-125.

IRENA (2012) Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series Volume, Power Sector Issue3/5https://www.irena.org/documentdownloads/publications/re_technologies_cost_analysis-hydropower.pdf

Mrudang P., Nirav O. (2016). Design and Analysis of High Efficiency Cross- Flow Turbine for Hydro-Power Plant, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) Volume-5, Issue-4, ISSN: 2249 – 8958.

Razak, J. A. (2010) "Application of cross-flow turbine in off-grid Pico-hydro renewable energy systems", Proceeding of the American-Math 10 Conference on Applied Mathematics, pp. 519-526.