• C. S. Ezemenike Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  • O. O. Aderinlewo Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  • I. O. Oladele Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  • O. J. Oyedepo Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria




Asphalt concrete, hybrid composite, waste, stability and flow


Highway engineers and researchers are constantly trying to enhance the performance of asphalt concrete pavement, in order to keep up with the global adequate and sustainable highway infrastructure drive.   Modification of asphalt concrete could improve certain properties of the mixture and reduce cost of road construction materials. In this research, evaluation of Marshal Stability and flow of hybrid asphalt modified concrete was studied, the wastes from various industries such steel industry, plastic industry and coal-fired power plant industries were combined together to form hybrid composite. Steel slag, fly ash, waste plastic, aggregate and bitumen were used to produce the asphalt concrete in a hybrid manner to evaluate effect of stability and flow properties of asphalt concrete mixture. The physical properties of steel slag, fly ash aggregate, bitumen and waste plastic based polypropylene were determined by carrying out tests such as sieve analysis, moisture content, flakiness and elongation, aggregate impact, aggregate crushing, specific gravity, hygrometer, penetration, softening point, flash and fire point, viscosity, ductility and water-in-bitumen test. Bitumen with penetration grade 60/70 was used and the content varied from 5.0 to 7.0 % at 0.5% interval. A cylindrical sample with the composite mixture of asphalt concrete was produced using varying proportions of hybrid composite which comprises of steel slag (SS) and fly ash (FA) at 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% by weight of the asphalt concrete to partially replace the conventional materials (aggregate and filler) and bitumen which was partially replaced with polypropylene (PP) at 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively. The Marshal Stability test conducted on the hybrid composite asphaltic concrete gives optimum stability values of 10.50 kN, 12.50 kN, 12.30 kN and 13.50 kN and optimum flow values of 3.30 mm, 2.80 mm, 2.80 mm, and 2.70 mm at 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% respectively. Comparing with Asphalt Institute specification, the non-conventional material used as fillers, coarse and fine aggregate can be conveniently used in light, medium and heavy traffic.   Based on the findings, the application of these wastes material which constitute higher stability and flow will improve the properties of asphalt concrete, reduce the cost of constituent material and decrease environmental problem that arise from various industries.


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