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The high level of waste produced by construction and demolition (C&D) is a major threat to the environment and human well-being, and is responsible for about half of global solid waste. There is an urgent need to employ methods of sustainability in managing waste, so as to alleviate the prevailingissues and environmental challenges which are caused by their disposal. The need for a sustainable approach to construction has been appraised in this review, considering the current sustainability practices along with their benefits and barriers. Focus was given to the sustainable use of construction and demolition (C&D) waste. Important materials that can be gotten from the C&D waste stream were evaluated, and methods of their possible reuse and recycling were examined. The appraisal also presents methods used to treat C&D waste, encouraging reuse and recycling of recycled materials to develop a healthy and liveable environment. It further promotes research and development on the reuse and recycling of C&D waste stream materials.
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