• Bamiji Zacheous Adewole Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State




Fluidized bed, Co-firing, Coal, Coconut shell, Bed-to-tube, Heat transfer


The overall bed-to-tube heat transfer coefficients of the blends of Lafia-obi coal and coconut shells have been investigated in a bubbling fluidized bed combustor. Experiments were performed at five different particle sizes of coal (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 mm) and five different particle sizes of coconut shells (2, 6, 10,14 and 18 mm) for different blend proportions of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%. Results obtained showed that the overall bed-to-tube heat transfer coefficient decreased with increasing coconut shell particle size in the blends. Combined effects of high radiation from large particle size of coal (25 mm) and high convection heat from small particle size of coconut shell (2 mm) at blend proportion of 10 and 50% produced the maximum bed-to-tube heat transfer coefficient. Due to the importance of heat exchange in the fluidized bed, it is observed that the contribution of biomass co-firing with coal is significant, hence, co-firing at optimal particle size and biomass blend ratio is imperative for achieving higher bed-to-tube heat transfer in the fluidized bed boiler.


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