Issues in Safety and Security in Maritime Transportation, Port and Marine Environment

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A. E. Owoputi

Abstract

The inevitability of an acceptable and universal safety code for the security of our water bodies ships/boats, cargoes and ports within marine environment led to the evolvement of safety of LIVES AT SEA (SOLAS) and International Ship and Port facilities security code (ISPS Code) importantly, what is paramount is the safety of human beings and cargoes at sea and within port's environment; the enunciation of safety principles, laws, precautions or codes thus SOLAS and ISPS was sequel to uncontrolled activities of sea pirates, and wharf thieves, container vandals and sea perils. Maritime Transportation System is exposed to a lot of danger and risk due to the volume and variety of cargoes, weapons, tides, weaves that have contract with or passing through it from to time. The complexity of identification and control of these risks and dangers are equally enormous and challenging. The security of life and facilities on ship, ports and terminals in marine environment is a function of the effectiveness of their operations ability to identify and control maritime transportation system, which plays a significant impart in ship owners role on crew security, port and maritime environment security. However, as a result of the increasing level of terrorism in the world, it has become very necessary to pay serious attention to the type, source and destination of the risk, weapon that can affect crew, ship and ports security.

 

Keywords: Safety, Security, Maritime Transportation, Port, and Marine Environment.

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